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Cuestiones Constitucionales
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 1405-9193
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Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
México



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en: The purpose of the present article is to establish an approach to the recognition of the water human right in international instruments. It begins with a conceptual clarification of human rights and continues with the analysis of this right genesis. The text continues analyzing the progress this right has had in different documents until finding those that contain it, but do not have the required importance to recognize it. Finally, it finishes with the analysis of the documents that include this right. However, such recognition has encountered interpretation issues, the debate focuses on the importance of the water right recognition and its effects regarding satisfaction and guarantee. So, it is necessary to determine whether this right is fully recognized or it is a right of a non-binding document.>>>
Elena Isabel Patricia VALDÉS DE HOYOS
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Enrique URIBE ARZATE
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en: The interinstitutional agreements are provided in the Act on the Conclusion of Treaties of 1992. A large part of the Mexican doctrine on international law makes a number of considerations will disagree with this article; for example, interagency agreements are: a Mexican version of the congressional-executive agreements; comparable to international treaties or in one way or another are regulated by international law; materials that can have any legal effect; etc. Also, we deal here to analyze the Bill on General Conclusion and Approval of Treaties, in order to establish whether this proposed law solves the problematic nature of existing laws on the subject or not.>>>
Luis Ernesto OROZCO TORRES
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en: In this article, we present an update of the investigation performed in 2010, where the goal was to describe the protection that Colombian Constitutional Court gives to the freedom rights and personal safety in the middle of the Colombian irregular warfare that Colombia lives. As result of the investigation, we found out that the affectation of these rights was product of the armed confrontation politics against the guerrilla called Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) performed by the former president Alvaro Uribe Velez (PSD). At this moment, we are interested in confronting the quantitative and qualitative results of the investigation produced with the change of government happened in 2011, insomuch as the new government brought the substitution of the Democratic Security politics by a Peace Negotiation politics with the FARC.>>>
Viridiana MOLINARES HASSAN
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en: Rights are, without doubt, the most salient feature of contemporary legal systems. It can be argued that since the middle of last century we transit a culture of rights. Neoconstitutionalism is one among other concepts that has been used to designate and study this phenomenon. The hypothesis we intend to address in this paper is that some of the central characters of our culture of rights —here called "neoconstitutionalism"— cannot be explained consistently without an explicit reference to a sustantive o material “a priori”. We will examine in particular the connection between the assertion that there exist natural law principles of justice and the following characters of our culture of rights: a) the recognition of rights, b) the reference of state or national legal systems to supranational legal systems; c) the Constitutions as a result of a network of principles and rules; d) the principle of proportionality; e) the principle of reasonableness. While the first three characters conform the structure of any neoconstitucional practice, the two latter are features of the processes of legal reception and judicial adjudication of rights in such a legal practice.>>>
Juan CIANCIARDO
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Pilar ZAMBRANO
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en: The aim of this paper is to identify organizational decision-making criteria for recognizing human rights violations. With this intention, eight cases of presumed human rights violations are studied. All within the jurisdiction of the Federal District´s Human Rights Violations Commission in Mexico. Based on to the organizational approach of David J. Hickson, and others, the hypothesis is that the decision of recognizing human rights violations arise from the complexity and political content of the cases. The results lead to confirm the hypothesis with some aspects to consider.>>>
Carolina ESPINOSA LUNA
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en: This article defends the thesis on the permanence of the idea of Constitution since the Western Classic Antiquity until current days. It departs from the assumption that the Constitutional essence suffered no substantial modifications since then. It defends then that the Constitutional role is to present a better State organization and the limitation of the power exercise. Then, this is not a legal work, since it does not analyze normative texts, but a political historic work on constitution. It is also a critic to the interpretation about a great disruption on previous constitutional practice and theory during 17th/18th centuries.>>>
Julio
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Brasil
Alberto HERRERA PÉREZ
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Rubén MIRANDA GONÇALVES
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