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Boletín Antropológico
Revista Activa *
ISSN electrónico: 2542-3304
Semestral
Antropología
Universidad de los Andes
Venezuela



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en: The article discusses currently threatened freshwater aqueducts, tuna, tanno iku’pö, that are essential to the Pemon people as well as for water functionality of the whole Caroni River Basin. An historical reconstruction was made based on various opinions and collective perceptions of indigenous elders, chieftains, spokespersons at communal councils and representatives of government institutions. Th e results reveal a multi-faceted array of symbols stemming from the folklore and cultural feelings engendered by the water world of the Pemon Amerindian population. Analysis demonstrates that settlement patterns, as well as political organization and means of livelihood are aff ecting the tuna, or water culture, and that that this is partially the result of practices originating in the non-indigenous world. It is concluded that the natives, as well as scientists and other interested parties are engaged in collective action directed toward multi-cultural coexistence in developing a perception of water, considered not only as a prime necessity, but as a symbolic element.>>>
Becker
Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana
Venezuela
JUDITH ROSALES
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en: The Wayuu society is not given to spectacular ritual. Th e Wayuu create and maintain a social world in the realm of ideas and words rather than from the autochthonous, and that which is refl ected in signifi cant ritual. However, in spite of the importance of the word as such, the Wayuu have begun to forget their great myths and legends. As the importance of the ideal word diminishes, written texts appear which are ignored. Th e narrator is silenced within the text, but ongoing occurrences require that the Wayuu keep going in spite of circumstantial change and the silenced narrator. Th e brief narrations, fragments of history which have fed the vanishing myths, begin to disappear as the narrative voice is silenced. This very indiff erence becomes a part of anything that is written. Th e result is an overwhelming fascination for all that has been lost.>>>
en: The present investigation concerns a petroglyph site near the town of Buenevara on the Paraguana Peninsula in the State of Falcon, currently registered as data of general interest by the Institutute of Patrimonial Culture (IPC) in order that said site be included among the National Landmarks. Th e method of investigation was a systematic focus enabling hypotheses and resulting in diagrams pertinent to land survey of the site. Water currents and the forces of erosion are interpreted symbolically, as life giving powers inducing fertility, gestation, and birth.>>>
Miguel Enrique
Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador
Venezuela
en: The languages commonly known as Timote-Cuicas in the linguistic literature, were spoken in the Venezuelan Andes. Now probably extinct, they are known to us only from wordlists and a few phrases collected around the turn of the last century. Here, the numeral system, one of the lexical domains which has been documented comparably well, is reconsidered. As has been noted before, the system operates on a decimal basis. However, there is more to be learned: there is clear evidence of a pentad oriented subsystem, and analysis of the Timote-Cuicas words for ‘5’ and a comparison with the numerals of neighbouring Arawak languages indicates the possibility that the Timote-Cuicas numerals for ‘4’ and ‘5’ have an Arawak source. In the discussion of the quality of the evidence for this hypothesis, observations on the phonological system of Timote-Cuicas, particularly regarding stress, will be made as well.>>>
en: The wake of the Little Angel is part of a funeral ceremony for children, and is found in all Hispanic societies. Sometimes there is singing and dancing. During fi eld research in Pueblos del Sur, Venezuela, the wake of the Little Angel was found to include songs from Spanish romance plays performed on stringed instruments. “Crown of Glory” is a hymn which is played at wakes in various parts of Venezuela. Th is paper, as critical anthropology, is an analysis of religious symbol and ritual that includes the fi eld of music within the given cultural context.>>>
ROSA IRAIMA SULBARÁN ZAMBRANO
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en: By means of ethno historical perusal of fi ve authors, two of which were translated into Spanish, and three others whose works circulated in 19th Century Spain, references to Native Americans are selected. Indigenous presence is analyzed from the perspective of the ideological thinking of certain 19th Century Spanish scholars and illustrators who sought to contribute to the construction of a unitary cultural-historical identity of the Spanish people. Th e method used was to group internal references as separate from external. From this process, based largely on assumptions, generalizations and ramblings, was constructed, reconstructed and deconstructed the image of American Indians as a distinct other, capable of rendering a coherent opinion of the body of 19th Century Spanish historical commentary regarding their indigenous existence. Th is view provided by the indigenous other was from a position quite outside the borders of mainland Spain itself.>>>
MIGUEL ÁNGEL RODRÍGUEZ LORENZO
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