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Enfermería Actual en Costa Rica
Revista Activa *
ISSN electrónico: 1409-4568
Semestral
Medicina
Universidad de Costa Rica
Costa Rica

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Redalyc 3.0 versión beta.
La versión estable de Redalyc 3.0 se libera en febrero de 2017. En la actualidad, se muestran los resultados de la marcación de artículos científicos mediante la herramienta gratuita Marcalyc, liberada en su primera versión el 1ro de septiembre de 2016 y que está pensada como un elemento central en la construcción y consolidación de un modelo de AA sustentable para Iberoamérica.
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en: Introduction. Adolescence is considered a vulnerable stage on all people’s life. Within the health system, this population is characterized by a low coverage exclusively aimed at finding the problems, which requires more specialization. This article aims to present the situational diagnosis of a group of teenagers in the intermediate stage in order to further develop a program of Pediatric Nursing care for the adolescent in the intermediate stage, in an institution of secondary education for the years 2013-2014. Method. The implemented methodology is qualitative with a constructivist epistemological approach; triangulating the information gathered performed data analysis. Results. Among the main findings of the diagnostic phase was obtained teenagers prioritized issues such as the phenomenon of drugs and situations related to sexuality; also describe their experience along this stage of life, the changes that occurred, and interaction with peers and family, information necessary for a pediatric nurse practitioner intervene appropriately. The main findings on the diagnose phase show that adolescents prioritized issues like drugs and situations related to sexuality. They also describe their experience through this life stage, all the changes occurred and the interaction with partners and family. Conclusion. The study reveals that it is essential to establish a first contact with the adolescent to identify all their needs in an integral form, and to give them the opportunity to propose possible solutions. Being continuously in contact stimulates the development of empathy in order to obtain a greater openness from the individual to the nurse-practitioner as an accompaniment figure throughout their adolescence.>>>
Sophía González Zúñiga
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Ana María Quezada Ugalde
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en: Introduction. Home visit is the main strategy of primary care by bringing health services to the homes and workplaces of people, which allows knowing the needs of the population firsthand. Thus, home visit by the ATAP represents the first contact of the individual, family and community with the health system, with significant benefits both individually and collectively. This research responds to the need to identify the elements that the home visiting program needs to improve modify or replace in order to maximize the provision of this service. Method. It is a qualitative, observational analytic study. Data were collected through documentary research, key informant interviews and focus group. The analysis was performed from the grounded theory. Results. The main results showed the existence of elements at the level of the health system, home visiting program and the figure of the ATAP that should be reviewed, modified or replaced to the home visit, thus it has bigger and better results for the population and the health system. Conclusion. The Home Visiting Program is strength of the Costa Rican health system to address health inequities. However, it is imperative to make decisions and implementation of actions that promote the improvement and increased results of the home visit at a family and community level.>>>
Katherine Solís Cordero
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Giancarlo Guevara Francesa
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en: Introduction. In this paper the results of the validation of the General Test Development Evaluation children and adolescents are presented (CIRCUMVENT), consistent with the growth needs, interests and development of the Costa Rican population between the ages of 6 and 14 years. Methodology. The methodology was qualitative, transversal and exploratory. For this purpose, conducted a valid ation process that included: technical expert judgment type aggregates individual; in the first phase results analysi s, triangulation was used, resulting in the modified CIRCUMVENT. Subsequently, a pilot with 300 children and a dolescents aged 6 to 14 years old, schools and colleges both public and private Metropolitan Area, San Jose, Cost a Rica was made; using an observation guide for the collection of the data provided in this test. In the second phas e, the results obtained with the theoretical triangulation, a new version of CIRCUMVENT was structured. Results. There is limited literature regarding developmental screening tests in middle childhood and adolescence; technical expert judgment confirmed the inconsistency of some items of CIRCUMVENT; was necessary to create standardized instructional materials for the application of the test. Conclusion. This research provides two significant inputs: a book with instructions for the interpretation and application of CIRCUMVENT, and standardized materials for implementation.>>>
Ana María Quezada Ugalde
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Sunny Gónzalez Serrano
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Katherine Solís Cordero
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Carolina Zúñiga Baldi
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en: Introduction: There are contradictions on the relationship between self-esteem and happiness: it exists for some researches, for others it does not, and even some argue that self-esteem affects happiness. These variables are elementary for the practice of Nursing; however, their study is small within intercultural environments. The objective of this research is to know the association between self-esteem and happiness among Intercultural Nursing students from the positive psychology. Method: A quantitative, descriptive, transversal and correlational, research with a non-experimental design was realized, with a sample of 55 students of Intercultural Nursing. Two questionnaires were applied: the scale of Robenberg self-esteem and happiness of Lima scale. Results: High levels of self-esteem and happiness were obtained. Through correlation of Pearson and hierarchical regression we found that self-esteem is associated in negative and positive way with certain factors of happiness; the same thing happened in the level of influence. Conclusion: In positive psychology is possible to associate variables such as self-esteem and happiness as strengths. Much more in the case of Intercultural Nursing students which have the aim to contribute to the indigenous communities development, that require nurses with favorable levels of self-esteem and the perception of subjective well-being to counteract an historical legacy of backwardness. From positive psychology is possible that this educational model will contribute to the mutual enrichment and empowerment within the work of the Intercultural Nursing.>>>
Marco Alberto Núñez Ramírez
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Gloria Esthela
Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Tabasco
México
Rosario del Carmen Realpozo Reyes
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en: Introduction: This paper presents the results of the validation process of appearance, content and internal consistency that was submitted the second version in Spanish of the ASA scale Costa Rican population. Method: It is a descriptive, cross-sectional non-experimental and psychometric study with a quantitative approach, design, conducted with a sample of 211 people at the stage of early, middle and late adulthood, according to your health condition and healthy known or diagnosed disease chronic. Results: The investigation determined that the factor analysis with the application of statistical methods, testing Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) resulting in 0.79, showed the feasibility of the scale, which measured variables with a common variance factors Total 64.14%. Conclusion: Factor analysis showed seven factorial axes, appropriate values obtained demonstrate the validity of the same reflecting that is able to measure what it claims.>>>
Viriam Leiva Díaz
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Kenneth Cubillo Vargas
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Yuliany Porras Gutiérrez
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Tatiana Ramírez Villegas
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Isabel Sirias Wong
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en: Introduction. The aim of this article is to present the results of the research project No. 421-B1-234 School of Nursing at the University of Costa Rica, known as Evidence-based nursing practice to improve the quality of life of the elderly, which belongs to the project No. 421-B1-910 Program for Collaborative Evidence-Based Nursing Research of Costa Rica. This research is presented as a theoretical review of the most important studies in relation to this issue, in order to clarify what type of factors and variables influence the quality of life in the elderly. Method. The methodology used is the one recommended to develop clinical practice based on evidence with their respective stages. A total of 504 papers were initially retrieved from different databases, including PubMed, EBSCO, LILACS, CINAHL, and COCHRANE. Of these documents, only 30 were retained since they included literature reviews, primary studies, and conceptual frameworks relevant to the clinical question. Finally, six of these documents were retained for the analysis and critical reading due to its content, methodological structure, and quality, which indirectly answer the clinical question that guided this study. Result. Findings show that music therapy can have a positive effect on the quality of life of older people. Also, quality of life may also be positively influenced by individual, social, cultural, and environmental factors, such as use of electronic devices, social connectivity, adaptive response, and positive interaction with others. Implications for nursing research, practice, policy, and knowledge are discussed in detail. Conclusion. There is need for further studies on the factors involved in the quality of life of older people through the meta-analysis or systematic reviews, which allow to correct the information gap in this field.>>>
Mabel Granados Hernández
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Derby Muñoz Rojas
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en: Introduction: The objective of this article is to reflect on the implication of the concept of management of nursing, making Latin-American countries that have incorporated the management of care aware of its norms and the Chilean experience and the legal aspects that regulate the management of care are specifically presented. Development: To achieve this objective, a bibliographic revision of diverse mainstream magazines, texts and laws related to administration and management of care was carried out. Initially, the concept of management is analyzed with the purpose of comprehending why the nursing integrates it in its field of performance. To visualize later how some of the countries of Latin America have incorporated it in their legal frameworks of management of care of nursing, and subsequently the experience of the Chilean nursing with regard to the management of care is analyzed extensively. Conclusions: As final considerations it is indicated that the management of care is part of the social function of the nurses, for the daily work they are to perform incorporating the management, it would provide managing competencies and would permit the autonomous caretaking to these professionals.>>>
Paula Ceballos-Vásquez
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Ana Jara-Rojas
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Jasna Stiepovich-Bertoni
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Pamela Aguilera-Rojas
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Vivian Vílchez-Barboza
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Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
Versión 3.0 beta | 2016
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