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Salud de los Trabajadores
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ISSN: 1315-0138
Universidad de Carabobo

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La versión estable de Redalyc 3.0 se libera en febrero de 2017. En la actualidad, se muestran los resultados de la marcación de artículos científicos mediante la herramienta gratuita Marcalyc, liberada en su primera versión el 1ro de septiembre de 2016 y que está pensada como un elemento central en la construcción y consolidación de un modelo de AA sustentable para Iberoamérica.
Oscar Feo Istúriz
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en: The purpose of this study was the detection of stress, fatigue and sleepiness in relation to work process in a group of workers in the production area of an international pharmaceutical company. This industry was selected because of its reliance on a high tech production processthat requires continuous cycles of activity, exposing persons to extreme workday hours and extended shifts. Other risk factors include the use of potentially toxic raw materials, operating machinery requiring awkward postures that may produce musculoskeletal disorders, and the application fo quality control measures that may produce stress or mental fatigue. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study based on a randomly selected sample of 85 production area workers, or 35% of the total workforce. The instruments used were an individual survey and a guide to facilitate the observation of work practices. In addition to the valuable information obtained by studying this industry and its workers, the prevalence of fatigue and sleepiness was 25% and stress was 20%. Fatigue was significantly associated with exposure to noise and temperature changes. Somnolence was associated with overtime work and having to meet a production quota, which added to a perception of having a dangerous job that affects health. Stress was significantly associated with job title and shift, in addition to receiving confusing orders from supervisors.>>>
María Teresa Gutiérrez Alanis
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Claudia Sánchez López
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Claudia Argüello Sánchez
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en: The core elements studied in this investigation were the social determinants of health, understood as social features in which the life and work of people develop in addition to their quality of life, which gives ability to act in a specific context. A correlational descriptive study was conducted where the main social determinants of health and quality of life of the informal working population over 18 years of age in an intermediate size Colombian city were analyzed. The WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire and a general data and social determinants survey were administered. Information on the structural determinants and intermediaries, and quality of life assessed through the following dimensions: physical, psychological, interpersonal relationships and environment. Frequency distributions and bivariate analyzes were performed. Age was associated with physical health (p < 0.05); educational level with psychological level; security affiliation with the environment (p < 0.05), and health status with all dimensions (p = 0.00). Informal work is a protective factor for health in the context of the social determinants of health as it is considered an option to ensure a better quality of life. Participants rated their quality of life as "average" and "better than average". From the perspective of human development, among informal workers, work gives meaning to life, while enabling achievement of self-fulfillment and social recognition.>>>
María Eugenia Pico Merchán
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María del Pilar Escobar Potes
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en: As there have been multiple changes in organizations, the study of psychosocial risk factors has become increasingly crucial in order to promote and improve a healthy workplace. The aim of this study was to describe psychosocial risks in public transportation drivers and their relationship with general health. A sample of 234 public transportation drivers from an urban area in Chile was surveyed about working conditions and workplace psychosocial risk factors, using the SUCESO ISTAS-21 scale, SQR-2 and a health questionnaire. Results suggest the presence of occupational risk factors such as the number of weekly working hours, type of work contract and the duration of the route, as well as exposure to violent incidents and the risk of handling cash. We also detected the presence of at least three psychosocial factors representing medium to high risks levels for general health. Correlations were found between all psychosocial risk dimensions, depressive and anxiety symptoms and at least one health problem. The implementation of preventive measures is necessary in order to prevent and reduce the risk of psychosocial risk factors in this population.>>>
Gabriela Nazar
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en: We examined safety culture status in a construction company, and practices related to management, group norms, values and behaviors, using semi-structured interviews of persons with different roles in the organization, in order to evaluate the level of safety culture development and where it stood in terms of the process of cultural transformation. Results indicated that positive changes in safety culture helped consolidate a progressive decline in accident rates from 2005 to 2013, to a low of 3.35 accidents per 240,000 man-hours of exposure in the last year. The study also allowed examination of results related to the company’s safety management process, which may well have been influenced by the impact of good practices that were driving the development of its safety culture. Moreover, improved direct communication between employees and senior management, as well as the permanent presence of senior management in construction projects, appeared to provide an important foundation for the success of the organization’s safety performance.>>>
Universidad Autónoma de Occidente
Ricardo de la Caridad
Universidad Autónoma de Occidente
en: This cross-sectional study describes the association between incentive-driven tasks performed by university faculty in and their physical and mental health. A representative random sample of five colleges of the Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (Dentistry, Accounting and Management, Languages, Architecture and Chemical Sciences) was obtained. A survey was used to collect information on demographics, job tasks and health. The most important tasks were: 1) completing a certain number of courses, classes, articles and conferences; being fixed in the workplace; working more than 48 hours per week; performing work during breaks or when on vacation; and working while adopting uncomfortable or awkward positions. Four of seven consequences of participation in a scholarship program were considered negative and statistically associated with disorders such as distress, sleep disorders, presence of depression and anxiety.>>>
Francisco Daniel Irigoyen Padilla
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Susana Martínez Alcántara
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en: Tuberculosis is an airborne biological risk to health care workers, patients and the general staff of health facilities, and its prevention requires combining different strategies. The objective was to perform a literature review of tuberculosis control methods by searching Complete Academic Research, Science Direct, Scielo and MEDLINE databases, along with international technical reports, for the period 2010 to 2015. We identified three types of control measures: 1) administrative, related to the timely identification of respiratory symptoms, case detection and prompt initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment, in order to reduce the risk of transmission and infection; 2) environmental, which emphasize the importance of using natural ventilation, given its good cost-effectiveness, and other methods such as HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filters and germicidal ultra-violet light; and 3) respiratory protection, in particular the use of high efficiency N-95 respirators. The implementation of tuberculosis control measures in healthcare settings is an effective strategy for preventing the transmission of this disease to health care workers, patients and the general public when combined and periodically evaluated. Continued literature should strengthen the use of such measures. It is essential to create occupational health surveillance systems in healthcare insitutitons to track tuberculosis in workers.>>>
Alba Idaly Muñoz Sánchez
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Cindy Lucia Pico Suárez
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Yeimy Lorena Muñoz Castaño
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Sistema de Información Científica Redalyc
Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
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