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Revista Colombiana de Cirugía
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 2011-7582
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Medicina
Asociación Colombiana de Cirugía
Colombia

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La versión estable de Redalyc 3.0 se libera en febrero de 2017. En la actualidad, se muestran los resultados de la marcación de artículos científicos mediante la herramienta gratuita Marcalyc, liberada en su primera versión el 1ro de septiembre de 2016 y que está pensada como un elemento central en la construcción y consolidación de un modelo de AA sustentable para Iberoamérica.
Mónica Bejarano
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en: Introduction : Diverticular disease is an usual degenerative condition of the colon and frequent cause of consultation in the emergency departments because of abdominal pain. Perforation is a common complication and may result in pneumoperitoneum, an abdominal collection or peritonitis requiring drainage or surgical management. We report three patients with diverticulitis and pneumoperitoneum who received conservative treatment with adequate evolution. Objective : The aims of this study were to determine the characteristics of the patients with diverticulitis and pneumoperitoneum, and to evaluate their clinical course under medical nonoperative treatmet. Materials and methods : Retrospective review of a prospectively set database. We evaluated the incidence of diverticulitis and pneumoperitoneum at the Shaio Clinic Foundation, Bogotá, Colombia, in the period October 2014 and October 2015, and additionaly described the outcomes with the medical management. Results : Among 60 patients with the diagnosis of diverticulitis, three had pneumoperitoneum (incidence of 5%) with no evidence of abdominal collections or free fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The three patients were managed with conservative antibiotic treatment, ending without short term mortality and no need of surgical intervention during their hospital stay. Conclusions : The incidence of diverticulitis and pneumoperitoneum without collections or free liquid is considerable. We believe that in select patients the conservative management should be the first line of treatment with a low rate of morbidity and mortality.>>>
Andrés F. Apolinar
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Cáterin Arévalo
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Daniel F. Gómez
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Bernardo A. Borráez
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en: Introduction: Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Graft rejection is much lower in terms of acute rejection and improved graft survival in renal transplantation with HLA-identical compared to non-identical HLA receptors. The aim of this work is to describe the experience of HLA identical kidney transplantation from live and deceased donors that have been performed at Valle de Lili Foundation since 1995 to 2014. Materials and methods: From the 1,462 kidney transplants performed those with HLA-identical were identified, a descriptive statistical analysis was performed for all variables considered in the analysis and for selected subgroups, the analysis of survival and acute rejection was made with the Kaplan-Meier method. Stata 12.0 was used for the analysis. Results : A total of 29 HLA-identical kidney transplants were performed. Most were men of mixed race; the main etiology of ESRD was unknown. Two patients had acute rejection and graft survival at five, ten and fifteen years was 93.7%, 75% and 75% respectively, patient survival at five, ten and fifteen years was 93.7%, 84.3% and 84.3% respectively. Conclusions : HLA-identical receptors have a prolonged survival of the graft with less acute rejection rates.>>>
Luis Armando Caicedo
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Juan Carlos Gómez -Vega
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Mauricio Francisco Duque
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Óscar Javier Serrano
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Ana María Arrunátegui
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Juan Guillermo Posada
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Johanna Schweineberg
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Carlos Eduardo Durán
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Jorge Iván Villegas
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Diana María Dávalo
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Gabriel Jaime Echeverri
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en: Surgical Oncology has developed as the branch of general surgery that seeks to facilitate the interaction between different specialties, such as medical oncology, radiation oncology and many others, in order to offer a complete and multidisciplinary management of the patient with cancer. In this article we present a narrative review of the basic principles for the diagnosis and therapeutic approach in the oncology patient, either in patients with new diagnosis or in those with recurrent disease. We made particular emphasis on the need to formulate a curative strategy, with clear and negative margins and taking into consideration the pattern of oncologic spread and biologic behavior. In cases where cure is not feasible, and in the context of a multimodal approach, palliative surgery is a valid and appropriate option. The basic principles of surgical oncology should be adopted and respected by all surgeons that treat patients with cancer. The proper adherence to these principles will guarantee better results for these patients.>>>
Juan Camilo Correa
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Juan David Figueroa
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Rodrigo Castaño
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Mauricio Calle
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Álvaro Sanabria
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en: Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is characterized by peptic ulcers refractory to treatment secondary to ectopic gastrin hypersecretion by a neuroendocrine tumor called gastrinoma resulting in gastric hydrochloride acid hypersecretion. This syndrome occurs sporadically and is also associated to Multiple Neuroendocrine Neoplasia type 1. The present article describes their clinical presentations, as well as their pathophysiology, diagnosis, study, treatment and prognosis, emphasizing the surgical technical details. Early diagnosis of gastrinoma carries a good prognosis, even in those malignant cases. Consequently, clinical suspicion associated to specific study leading to diagnosis and treatment is fundamental for these patients. Due to the available current technology, the diagnosis of these tumors should be more common, as a consequence the knowledge of important details within their management is important for the surgeon.>>>
Marcelo A. Beltrán
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en: Introductio n: Historically, the management of periampullary tumors, malignant or benign, has been radical surgery, starting with Alessandro Codivilla, who in 1898 described the surgical technique for the performance of pancreaticoduodenectomy. Later, in 1899, William Halsted performed the first transduodenal ampullectomy. The complexity of these procedures, the associated complications and high mortality stimulated the development of novel minimally invasive surgical techniques. Case report : Fifty five year old female with incidental finding of an adenoma of the ampulla of Vater at endoscopy of the upper digestive tract, T1N0M0, managed by endoscopic papillectomy, without complications; surgical pathology reported negative margins. Discussion : Endoscopic papillectomy was first reported by Ponchon et al in 1989. The presence of an adenoma of the ampulla of Vater remains asymptomatic and the diagnosis is an incidental finding during upper digestive tract endoscopy. The diagnosis of this neoplasm is made by the endoscopic appearance and histopathology. It is imperative to use a lateral duodenoscope in order to have full assessment of the papilla. It is also important performing pancreatic biliary endosonography, as this determines the depth of the lesion and also rules out local or regional lymphadenopathy. Endoscopic papillectomy is a procedure that requires experienced hands, to avoid complications such as perforation, cholangitis, papillary stenosis, bleeding and pancreatitis, the last two being the most common with an incidence up to 25-30%. Conclusions : Randomized clinical trials are required to substantiate the benefit of endoscopic papillectomy in malignant pathology, and also there is need to develop management guidelines.>>>
Luis Felipe Cabrera
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en: Actinomycosis is a rare and progressive chronic infectious disease. The diagnosis can be masked by inflammatory processes or malignant colonic tumors. Actinomyces israelii is the main pathogen isolated, frequently found as usual endogenous flora of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa; however, occasional mucosal disruptions may cause a chronic granulomatous inflammatory condition with various clinical manifestations. Less than 20% of patients are above 60 years of age, like our case, and it predominantly occurs in females (65%), generally presenting in the abdomen. Treatment combines resection of the mass and prolonged antibiotic therapy, often concluding with a satisfactory outcome. We report a 68 year old male with clinical symptoms of flank pain and right lower quadrant mass, associated with fatigue, weakness and weight loss. The mass was located in the abdominal right lower quadrant and right flank, indurated, painful and ill-defined, measuring 10 x 5 cm, with no signs of peritoneal irritation. Diagnostic imaging, total abdominal ultrasound and CT suggested a colonic neoplasia located in the right flank. No lesions were reported by endoluminal colonoscopy. Right hemicolectomy with ileontransverse anastomosis was performed. The specimen was sent for histopathological study, concluding the diagnosis of inflammatory pseudotumor secondary to abdominal actinomycosis.>>>
Katherine Redondo
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César Redondo
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Asdrúbal Miranda
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Daniela Bertel
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