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Perfiles Latinoamericanos
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 0188-7653
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Sociología
Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
México

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Redalyc 3.0 versión beta.
La versión estable de Redalyc 3.0 se libera en febrero de 2017. En la actualidad, se muestran los resultados de la marcación de artículos científicos mediante la herramienta gratuita Marcalyc, liberada en su primera versión el 1ro de septiembre de 2016 y que está pensada como un elemento central en la construcción y consolidación de un modelo de AA sustentable para Iberoamérica.
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en: The leftist political leaderships emerged at the beginning of the 21st century as a response to the crisis occurred during the last two decades of the 20th century in Latin America, shared the necessity of recovering the confidence in institutions. Slogans such as “Throw them all out!” pointed at the ruling political class as the main responsible for the situation and opened the political arena to new projects. This “newness” had to do not only with the content of the political proposals, but also with the strategy to attain power. Given the crisis of representation experienced in countries like Ecuador, it was made a dangerous choice. It was firstly deepen the institutional crisis, to subsequently propose a new closure of meaning through a political discourse dominated by the need to “regain the fatherland”. A great majority of those who “turned left” and resorted to this political strategy are still in power after several and overwhelming electoral victories.>>>
Diana Plaza Martín
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en: Retaking Bourdieu’s concept of desfase estructural , this article analyzes the genesis of indigenous intellectuals in Bolivia from the sixties and the role they have played in the recent history of indigenous movements, as producers of meaning and agents in dispute by the legitimacy of their status and intellectual practice. Both aspects allow to understanding both the particularity of the results of the last cycle of protests (1999-2005) starring indigenous movements as political changes experiencing the Bolivian population, since.>>>
Carmen Rosa Rea Campos
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en: This article analyzes the movimientismo as a political formula, or the identity of the two main Argentine forces: Radicalism and Peronism. Hypothesizes two different types of movimientismo: a “weak movimientismo” (radical) and other “strong” (Peronist). Based on this comparative interest focuses on four aspects: the radical and Peronist political cultures, types of leadership, organizational forms and the relationship with the State.>>>
en: In the historiography of the massive political exiles in the Southern Cone, the field of diplomatic asylum offers an area of vacancy. This article review the experience of Chileans that received asylum in the Argentinean embassy in Santiago de Chile from the military coup d’état in September 11 1973 until 1974. The article explore the way people have got in to the embassy, the relationships between diplomatic personal and the asylees and the everyday life and the finally travel to Argentina. This work pays special attention to the way political dynamics in Chile and Argentina experienced this process. The article addressed an algid point of two national histories and analyses the political asylum experience in its multiple facets and complexities.>>>
Carla Peñaloza Palma
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en: The way to assess Mexico’s Standing Committees efficiency in the lawmaking process has so far skipped the need to build a coalition for each bill due to the lack of a cohesive and stable majority in Congress. In this context, this paper focuses on how to cope with that task. It assumes that any effort to that effect needs a deeper and more systematic understanding of the activities done within it in such circumstances, and of the ability of his president to steer that process.>>>
Luisa Béjar Algazi
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Sergio Bárcena Juárez
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en: Spain has become one of the top destinations for immigration from Latin America. This phenomenon involves the creation of new media to satisfy their needs for information and entertainment. In this paper we analyze creation and the programming grips of the FM radio stations for Latinos arising in Spain.>>>
María Teresa Santos Diez
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Jesús Ángel Pérez Dasilva
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en: The innovation activity depends strongly on the interaction between generating actors and endusers of new knowledge and technologies. There are several intermediate organizations (IO) that facilitate translating the needs of the users with the new technologies that are being developed, in order to satisfy more effectively their demands. This paper analyzes the mediation process involved in the IO in innovative activity in Mexico, to identify structural holes in the innovation process. The relevant results in the Mexican intermediation process points that three important structural holes of the process are missing: one between the negotiation process and sponsorship, the second in marketing and commercial profit of the obtained results and the last one in the regulation and referring activities. It is very important that the detected missing links in the intermediation process are filled, because they can hinder considerably the overall profit and benefits that society could obtained of the innovation process.>>>
Maria del Pilar Monserrat Pérez Hernández
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en: Poverty levels that lives a significant percentage of population in many developing countries, often accompanied by a lack of access to savings products, payment, credit or insurance, which determine high levels of financial exclusion. In this paper, we present the case of a savings bank project developed a decade ago by the León XIII Foundation in Mexico. After analyzing this experience, we present the data obtained with a survey realized to 218 beneficiaries. The bivariate and multivariate analysis of this information, besides allowing quantifying the living conditions of the beneficiaries, provides valuable information about the saving capacity of the population reached through this initiative, segmenting its beneficiaries in consideration of their characteristics and their saving effort.>>>
Federico Martínez-Carrasco Pleite
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Ana M. Muñoz Soriano
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José Colino Sueiras
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en: After more than three decades of the implementation of the policies of structural adjustment in Chile, the middle classes increased their weight in the social structure and changed their economic sector, occupation and trajectories of social mobility. This article analyzes the perception of symbolic boundaries, which emerging of these macro-processes and shapes the subjectivity of middle class subjects into upward mobility processes and modifies their perceptions of inequality. Whit this objective the paper presents a qualitative analysis of cases in which discursive components like meritocracy, the effort and the idea of “barriers/obstacles” became a key discursive axis. This article is inscribed within the recent studies on middle classes for the Chilean case, which focus specially on the cultural aspects after reproduction of stratification and inequality in Chile.>>>
Mayarí Castillo
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en: The article proposes an analytical perspective on poverty with a multidimensional approach, not only as an aggregate of variables and indicators, but also using a probing strategy that considers the way in which it is perceived between the groups receiving programs to alleviate poverty or use subsidized public services, and those without. Based on tools for quantitative and qualitative analysis applied to data collected on a sample of residents of Bogota, the authors analyze how the boundaries of sense on poverty are related to both objective and subjective factors related to being or not users of these programs, socioeconomic and educational conditions, as well as political participation, degree of association and use of mechanisms to enforce civil rights.>>>
Consuelo Uribe Mallarino
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Jefferson Jaramillo Marín
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en: The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to examine independent of the individual socioeconomic status, the effect of the contextual economic conditions on the self-rated health and, second, to explore region-level mechanisms that could explain the influence of the structural economic conditions on the low self-rated health status. For this, we use a multilevel analysis that allows us to distinguish between the individual and the contextual factors influencing the self-rated health. The results show that the socioeconomic status is an important determinant of the self-rated health of population in Colombia. However, significant differences remain in the health perception, even after controlling for individual wealth, education level and ethnicity. These differences only disappear when controlling for income inequality in the analysis.>>>
Sandra Rodríguez Acosta
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en: This paper analyzes two types of homicide: those where the authorities were able to determine the reason for the murder, and those registered as “unknown homicides”. The aim is to understand and explain the different factors that come together in a criminal investigation and thus contribute to classify an event as murder “known” or “unknown”. Our findings indicate that age (<10 years), location (indoors) and substance (drugs) are key elements to explain how investiga- tion on homicide are processed by the criminal justice system in Mexico.>>>
Rodrigo Meneses Reyes
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Miguel Quintana Navarrete
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Velia Cecilia Bobes
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Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
Versión 3.0 beta | 2016
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